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Thailand

 Overview – Five Key Points

  • Build Capacity to adapt and reduce vulnerabilities to climate change impacts
  • Promote greenhouse gases mitigation activities based on sustainable community forest management
  • Create awareness and participation of problem solving on climate change through community forestry capacity building activities
  • Support research and development to better understand of climate change, its impacts and adaptation and mitigation options
  • Support international cooperation among Member States of ASEAN to achieve the common goal of climate change mitigation and sustainable development within region.

Priorities regarding to Social Forestry in Thailand

  • Protect, conserve and improve environmental and livelihood quality of community forestry according to natural resources base
  • Prevent and mitigate any damages within community forest caused by human activities
  • Support R & D and Climate Change knowledge transfer including beneficial database on impact and adaptation options in community forestry for supporting decision-making.
  • Build capacity of community forest network, relevant personnel and agencies to better coordination and integration to support and promote international cooperation relevant to Climate Change in community forestry management at the global and regional level

National Policy Addressing Climate Change

  • Build capacity for climate change adaptation and reducing vulnerability
  • Promote greenhouse gases mitigation activities based on sustainable development
  • Support research and development on adaptation and mitigation
  • Raise awareness and public participation on climate change problem solving 
  • Capacity Building of relevant institution and staffs and establishing framework of coordination and integration
  • Supporting international cooperation regarding to Climate Change adaptation and mitigation
  • Enhance the resilience of ecosystems to sustain environmental services for Thais livelihood
  • Introduce tax measure as sustainable forest management tools

Community Forest Policies 

  • The 1985 National Forest Policy: National target is 40% of forest cover. (25% for conservation and 15% for economical forest)
  • The 2007 National Constitution: 
    • Communal rights in the conservation and use natural resources, Article 56
    • The right to access information, Article 59
    • The duty of state to promote and encourage public participation in the conservation and use of natural resources, Article 79
    • The power and duty of local authorities in the management, maintenance and utilization of natural resources, Article 290
  • The 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan (NESDP):”opportunities must be given to citizens and communities to participate in planning, decision making, and evaluation of government projects that could have an impact on natural resources and environment”
  • The 1992 National Environmental Quality Enhancement Act of 1992:”instill people the sense of ownership in natural resources and environment and maintain them

Social Forestry Role in Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption

  • Over 500,000 Ha of community forest across the country where have been conserved so far will be an excellent source for GHG sequestration
  • Participation from all stakeholders within community forestry programs will ensure sustainable Climate Change mitigation and adaptation
  • Establishment of knowledge based on impacts and adaptation of Climate Change regarding community forestry can be distributed as a best practice model for contributing through community forest network
  • Community forestry activities can facilitate the promotion of awareness, consciousness and participation of people to perform their duty in Climate Change mitigation and adaptation

Key Activities regarding to Social Forestry in Thailand

  • Organize public awareness campaigns and outreach to enhance people perception related to Climate Change mitigation and adaptation via community forestry activities
  • Motivate and encourage business sector to support community forestry activities through Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) program
  • Create mechanism of monitoring and evaluation the community forestry program to ensure sustainable development and management
  • Enhance the reliance of community forest under climate change using agroforestry.

Next Steps

  • Promote effective community forestry activities as a model regarding to Climate Change mitigation and adaptation into international frameworks – UNFCCC, ASEAN, Bilateral or Multilateral agreements
  • Finding financial support as funding establishment from developed countries or international organizations initiate projects on Climate Change mitigation and adaptation
  • Promote skill development and experience sharing among ASEAN Member states or with others regarding to Climate Change mitigation and adaptation

News from Thailand

14 September, 2012

Thailand: A diversity-based community forest management system

Thailand: A diversity-based community forest management system Among at least 400 modern "community forest" systems in the hilly upper Northern region of Thailand is that of Mae Khong Saai village in Chiang Dao district of Chiang Mai province. The system features 57 hectares of agricultural fields in which at least 10...