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Social Forestry is practiced in the Philippines through Community Based Forest Management. CBFM is the national strategy towards sustainable forestry and social justice. It involves participatory management processes and has social, environmental and economic objectives. It Includes the following key components:

  • Community organizing and capacity enhancement 
  • Biodiversity, soil & water conservation
  • Forest-based enterprises development with protection
  • Management area delineation and securing tenure
  • Support systems for CPFM

Social Forestry Priorities

Policy intitutionalization

  • Establishing network and gaining support
  • Organizational strengthening and capacity enhancement
  • Protection, development, and conservation
  • Livelihood and enterprise development
  • Evaluation of CBFM implementation and updating of plans
  • Sustainability of efforts

Role of Social Forestry in REDD Plus and Forest Conservation, Contributing to Food Security and Addressing Climate Change

  • Forest protection by communities promotes conservation of biological diversity and carbon stock.
  • Organization and management capacity building improve forestland development and productivity.
  • Rehabilitation of deforested lands to agroforestry and Plantations by the communities contributes to increased food production, carbon stocks, reduced emission, and other co-benefits.
  • Enterprise development with safeguards improves skills of communities while generating job and income.
  • Stakeholders’ participation integrates efforts and complements technologies and resources for climate change adaptation and mitigation.
  • Trust, respect, and recognition of the inherent potential of individuals improve relations and representation in social forestry.
  • Secured tenure, stable policy, and political will promote participation and are key elements to social forestry success

National Policy Addressing Climate Change

  • Republic Act 9729 – Mainstreaming climate change into government policy formulation, establishing the framework strategy and programs on climate change (2009)
  • PNRPS – Philippine National REDD Plus Strategy

Key Social Forestry Activities 

Forest Resources Management

  • Forest Protection
  • Forest land use planning
  • Reforestation
  • Watershed management
  • Agroforestry
  • Assisted Natural Regeneration
  • Timber Stand Improvement
  • Biodiversity conservation 
  • Mangrove rehabilitation
  • Seedling production

Forest Manager Capacity Enhancement

  • Capacity Building 
  • Organizational strengthening
  • Networking and resource accessing 
  • Database management
  • Livelihood and Enterprise Development
  • Monitoring, assessment and reporting  
  • CBFM Practitioners Congress

Social Forestry Policies

  • 1995 - Executive Order 263:
    Adopting CBFM as the national strategy to ensure sustainable development of forestlands and its resources
  • 1995 -Republic Act 8371:
    Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act 
  • 2004 - Executive Order No. 318:
    Promoting Sustainable Forest Management
  • 2007 - Executive Order No. 606:
    Pursuing Sustainable Upland Development anchoring on food, wood, and non-wood security and economic productivity 
  • 2010 - Executive Order No. 881:
    National Frameworks Strategy for Climate Change
  • 2010 - DA-DAR-DENR:
    Joint Memorandum Circular No.1Implementation Framework for the Enhanced National Convergence Initiating among the Department of Agriculture, Department of Agrarian Reform, and the Department Environment and Natural Resources
  • 2011 - Executive Order No. 26:
    National Greening Program

Next Steps

  • Advocacy and support for the passage of the sustainable forest ecosystems management bill
  • Organizational and management capacity enhancement
  • Climate proofing of the CBFM Strategic and operational plans
  • Adoption of climate change mitigation and adaptation measures
  • Results based monitoring, assessment, and reporting
  • Documentation of good practices
  • Communication and networking

News from Philippines

Forest Regeneration in the Philippines

14 September, 2012

Forest Regeneration in the Philippines

FAO's 2011 State of the World's Forests report, published to coincide with the International Year of Forests, highlights some positive and encouraging trends. Asia and the Near East are showing an increase in forest regeneration and replanting projects.One such project is the "Advancing the Application of Assisted Natural Regeneration for...

Successful CBFMA Initiatives: Good Practices, Innovations, Challenges, and Ways Forward

14 September, 2012

Successful CBFMA Initiatives: Good Practices, Innovations, Challenges, and Ways Forward

Good practices and innovations: The CBFM program consisted of mobilizing and organizing communities actually and/or dependent to forestland for their livelihood and to establish agroforestry farms and tree plantations and  prevent the entry of groups intending to exploit the resources in the forests. Under the CBFM agreement, the POs assumed an...