Overview on Indonesian Forestry
- Indonesian Forest area is about 130,68 million Ha, classified into:
- Conservation forest (26,8 million Ha)
- Protection Forest (28,86 million Ha)
- Production forest (32,60 million Ha)
- Limited production forest (24,46 million Ha)
- Convertible production forest (17,94 million Ha).
- Strengthening forest designation to secure forest area;
- Maintaining and enhancing the functions and the carrying capacity of watershed;
- Forest protection and controlling forest fire;
- Biodiversity conservation;
- Revitalization of forest use and forestry industries;
- Empowerment of communities around forest.
Overview on Indonesian Social Forestry
- Community is the main actor, the government as facilitator, regulator and supervisor;
- Implemented at the state owned forest and private land;
- Implementation of sustainable forest management for economic development and socio cultural;
- Aim to alleviate poverty
- Community capacity building.
Priorities regarding to Social Forestry in Indonesia
- Providing legal access to communities in managing state forest, through some schemes called: Community Forestry, Village Forest, Private Forest, People's Plantation Forest.
- Providing scheme of low interest loan for the development of Community Forestry, Village Forest, Private Forest, People's Plantation Forest.
- Development of partnerships between forest farmers and forest product based industries.
Regulation Concerning Indonesian Social Forestry
Ministry of Forestry Regulations:
- No.P.26/2005 concerning Development of Private Forest;
- No.P.37/2007 concerning Community Forestry;
- No.P.49/2008 concerning Village Forest;
- No.P.35/2007 concerning Development of Non Timber Forest Product.
National Policy Addressing Climate Change:
- Indonesia is one of nine countries piloting implementation of REDD
- The Government of Indonesia has committed to reduce emission of 26 % of the level ' business as usual' by the year 2020 without international contribution, or 41% with contribution from developed countries.
- Following the commitment, some actions have been taken:
- 'Quick Studies' in collaboration with Indonesia Forest Climate Alliance (IFCA), to ensure the readiness in implementing REDD;
- Establishing National Boards on Climate Change;
- Establishing Demonstration Activities in several provinces, followed by establishment of REDD+ Working Groups, involving local people
- Issuing Ministry of Forestry Regulation No. P. 36/2009, concerning procedure for issuing permits for utilizing absorption and/or carbon stock in production forest and protection forest;
- Issuing Ministry of Forestry Regulation No. P. 30/2009, concerning mechanism of reduction from deforestation and forest degradation;
- Issuing Presidential Regulation No.16/2011 concerning National Action Plan for reducing emission;
- Issuing Instruction of The President of Indonesia No.10/2011 concerning delay issuance of new permits and improvement of natural forest and peat land forest governance.
- Issuing Ministry of Forestry Decree No. SK 323/2011 concerning determination of indicative map for delaying of issuance of new permits, utilization of forest area and forest land use change
- Issuing Ministry of Forestry Regulation No. P. 20/2012, concerning implementation of forest carbon.